By Kinsell L. Coulson
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Additional resources for Solar and Terrestrial Radiation. Methods and Measurements
3 Typical sensitivity as a function of wavelength for various types of photomultiplier tubes (from RCA Tech. Publ. No. PIT-700B, dated 12/71). Curve 1: K-Cs-Sb (133); curve 2: K-Cs-Sb (116); curve 3: Na-K-Cs-Sb (111); curve 4: Na-K-Cs-Sb (138); curve 5: Na-K-Cs-Sb (110: £-20); curve 6: GaAs (128); curve 7: Na-K-Cs-Sb (119); curve 8: Cs-Sb (102: 5-4); curve 9: Ag-Bi-O-Cs (106: £-10); curve 10: LiF (125); curve 11: Ag-O-Cs (101: £-1). so 2. Radiation Sensors and Sources quantum efficiency and low sensitivity at all wavelengths, but its response extends farther into the infrared than do the others.
No. PIT-700B, dated 12/71). Curve 1: K-Cs-Sb (133); curve 2: K-Cs-Sb (116); curve 3: Na-K-Cs-Sb (111); curve 4: Na-K-Cs-Sb (138); curve 5: Na-K-Cs-Sb (110: £-20); curve 6: GaAs (128); curve 7: Na-K-Cs-Sb (119); curve 8: Cs-Sb (102: 5-4); curve 9: Ag-Bi-O-Cs (106: £-10); curve 10: LiF (125); curve 11: Ag-O-Cs (101: £-1). so 2. Radiation Sensors and Sources quantum efficiency and low sensitivity at all wavelengths, but its response extends farther into the infrared than do the others. 9 μΐη. In addition to spectral sensitivity and quantum efficiency, photomultiplier tubes vary in physical size, orientation of the cathode (side-on or end-on), amplification factor, number of stages, amount of dark current, single electron rise time, and other parameters.
Bull. Amer. Meterol. Soc. 53, 8-15. Wolfe, W. L. (1965). C. Zworkin, V. , and Ramberg, E. G. (1947). " Chapman & Hall, London. 9 cal cm - 2 min -1 . 545° of arc. On entering the atmosphere, the radiation is modified in intensity and polarization by scattering on molecules, water droplets, dust, and other aerosol particles in the atmosphere; by absorption by atmospheric gases and particulates; and by absorption and reflection by the underlying ground or water surface. Short-wave emissions, such as the airglow and aurora, from the atmosphere, although interesting phenomena in themselves, contribute a negligible amount to the overall energy budget.
Solar and Terrestrial Radiation. Methods and Measurements by Kinsell L. Coulson