By Saeid Golkar
Iran's association for the Mobilization of the Oppressed (Sazeman-e Basij-e Mostazafan), generally called the Basij, is a paramilitary association utilized by the regime to suppress dissidents, vote as a bloc, and indoctrinate Iranian electorate. Captive Society surveys the Basij's historical past, constitution, and sociology, in addition to its effect on Iranian society, its financial system, and its academic procedure. Saied Golkar's account attracts not just on released materials―including Basij and innovative safeguard guides, allied web content, and blogs―but additionally on his personal casual communications with Basij individuals whereas learning and educating in Iranian universities as lately as 2014. moreover, he accommodates findings from surveys and interviews he carried out whereas in Iran.
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Additional resources for Captive Society: The Basij Militia and Social Control in Iran
13 Thanks to this indoctrination, Basij members were eager to sacrifice themselves for the regime, and they were used to clear mines and breach other obstacles. As one scholar writes: The Basij were to attack the enemy’s defense posts in mass waves to serve the armed forces right behind them as cannon shredders, or to rush on minefields to “clean them up,” so the armed forces could pass by safely. 14 Of all the Basiji, students were the most important group for deployment to the war front. 16 Meanwhile, the Basij also continued to cooperate with the police forces to identify and arrest opponents of the Islamic Revolution.
To recruit new Basiji, the Basij established special offices to cover different societal levels, such as nomadic tribes, high school students, government employees, and university students. 11 According to one study, the Basij deployed more than 2 million people to the front during the eight years of the war. In other words, more than 75 percent of Iranian fighters in the war were members of the Basij. ”13 Thanks to this indoctrination, Basij members were eager to sacrifice themselves for the regime, and they were used to clear mines and breach other obstacles.
41 In 2000, Ayatollah Khamenei asked the IRGC to offer more support to the Basij, stipulating that 50 percent of the IRGC’s job was to empower the Basij. To do so, the IRGC prepared the Amir Al Momineen Plan to expand the Basij and use it as the arm of conservative politics. 42 The plan was approved in 2000. 43 Also, the plan restructured Basij bases by shaping a series of new resistance groups. Moreover, new Basij organizations were established, such as ones for university professors in 2000 and scholars in 2001 (see chapter 12).
Captive Society: The Basij Militia and Social Control in Iran by Saeid Golkar