By Martin Zammit
This paintings doesn't goal to be an etymological dictionary of Qur'anic Arabic, nor does it try to recommend a few new genetic category of the Semitic languages. quite, it bargains insights into the interior lexical relationships attested in a few Semitic forms inside of Qur'anic Arabic (seventh century AD). The paintings relies on a quantitative research of a considerable corpus of the Arabic lexicon with a purpose to investigating lexical relationships inside of a couple of Semitic languages. Qur'anic Arabic is the resource of a lexical mass comparability workout related to Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Phoenician, Epigraphic South Arabian and Ge'ez. additionally, the lexical hyperlinks pointed out during this examine are in themselves linguistic signs of many of the levels of cultural proximity characterising some of the Semitic languages.
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Extra resources for A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
Cette oeuvre apparait sans que nous ayons de veritable trace et esquisse des constructions litteraires qui Font precedee et preparee. Nous n'avons du coup aucun point de repere pour la situer et la juger. 41 Not much is revealed in the Qur'dn about its language. There are eleven references to its being written in the Arabic language. , namely that Qur'anic Arabic falls 'between' 40 'Imru 1-Qays's qasida has 83 verses, Tarafa's 112, Zuhayr's 65, Labid's 89, Amr b. Kultum's 112, Antara's 95, and Harit's 86 verses.
The basic Semitic vocabulary predominantly covers such areas as natural phenomena, wild and domestic nature,33 anatomy and physiology, social organization, working methods, feeding habits, the economy, mental processes, religion, and general terms. One of the merits accruing to this type of research is the fact that words are not studied in isolation, simply for the sake of etymology as an end in itself. 36 This is but one practical aspect of this kind of lexicological pursuit and further research will undoubtedly uncover more about the evolution and subsequent development of the Semitic languages.
38 and relying on a list of 100 basic lexical items which are believed to be found in all languages and which are free from any cultural connotation,39 one could actually calculate the dates of separation of the various related languages from each other. However, many linguists have expressed their reservations concerning this method. 40 Nevertheless, a number of Semitic languages have not escaped these much debated statistical methods. D. 41 His list covers basic items taken from Qur'anic Arabic, Soqotri (Modern South Arabian), and the Ethiopic languages Gecez, Tigre, Tigrina, Amharic, Argobba, Harari, Gurage, and Gafat.
A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik) by Martin Zammit